Hypochlorite Chemical is an anion having the chemical formula ClO. It forms hypochlorite salts when it reacts with a variety of cations. Sodium hypochlorite and calcium hypochlorite are two common examples. Aqueous solutions are used to manage the majority of hypochlorite salts. Bleaching, disinfection, and water treatment are among of their most common uses. In chemistry, they are employed in chlorination and oxidation processes. Hypochlorous acid is produced when hypochlorites are acidified, and it is in a state of equilibrium with chlorine. Many hypochlorites are unstable, and many chemicals only exist in solution. Hypochlorite salts are produced when chlorine reacts with alkali and alkaline earth.